Leonard Read, founder of FEE (Foundation for Economic Education), talked about different levels of leadership. The Fourth Level is when people start to seek you out for your counsel. If people aren’t seeking you out, then you can draw your own conclusions about your range of influence.

Although he was talking more about the spreading of ideas rather than real action, I suppose that Mr. Read would have said that we are approaching that 3rd Level of Leadership. We have numerous people coming to us, trying to get involved.

  • We have refugees tracking us down even though we don’t do any advertising.
  • We have volunteers constantly popping up, locally and from around the world.
  • We don’t have a communications team for media, but we still have many requests.
  • TNKR has been nominated for and won awards from organizations we have never heard of.
  • We are credible enough that I’m constantly sending out recommendation letters for volunteers.
  • I don’t consider myself to be much of a mentor, but many people have adopted me as one!

The last few days have been busy so I haven’t had time to update, so here are several in one!

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On June 17, 2018, TNKR held a “Donor Appreciation” Night featuring author Jang Jinsung, author of “Dear Leader.” We were lucky enough to also have Kang Cheol-Hwan, author of “The Aquariums of Pyongyang,” join the discussion. Below is a summary of the event written by TNKR volunteer tutor, donor and fundraiser Michael Downey. He runs “Living English with Michael” and is author of “This Too Shall Pass and Other Stories.”


Michael Downey wrote:

Dear Leader

On Sunday evening I spent a delightful and informative evening with Jang Jin-sung the best selling author of ‘Dear Leader’, his story of life as a high ranking propagandist in North Korea and his escape to the south. He was among the ‘admitted’ to the protected inner circle of Kim JongIl. In the book he details his disillusionment, fall into mortal danger and, escape to China and on to South Korea in 2004. As an added bonus he brought along Kang Cheol-hwan, another best selling author whose book, ‘Aquariums of Pyongyang’ also deals with real life in North Korea. Kang gracefully participated in the Q and A session.

The evening was put together by TNKR by Co-founders Casey Lartigue and Lee Eun-koo as a Donor Appreciation Night for friends and donors that help keep TNKR alive and functioning. The event was held at the TNKR offices in Mapo district in Seoul and about twenty folks were in attendance. It was an intimate setting with time for questions and photos.

In preparation for the event, I bought the Kindle edition of Jang’s book and read it. It’s not only a good story but is also a window into the lives of both the elite and ordinary people under the dictatorship of the Dear Leader, Kim Jong Il. I am familiar with much of the narrative but was also fascinated by some of the revelations that could come from only a highly placed insider.

Jang was both a musician and a poet. His literary talent and family connections won him a place in an elite work group known as United Front Division, a part of the all powerful Workers Party. His section specialized in targeting both South Koreans and fellow North Koreans by creating works of literature under false South Korean names and styles in order to influence left leaning political groups in the south to accept Kim Jong Il as the leader of all Korea.

Under direction from his bosses he wrote a poem praising Kim Jong Il in this role and the work was read by and commended by the Dear Leader himself. Because of this he was elevated to the rare status of being among the ‘amitted ’. This gave him special statues, a kind of protection ( he couldn’t be arrested by the security services without the approval of Dear Leader), and also invites to personal audiences with the top dog himself.

Of course the closer you get to the psychopath at the top, the more dangerous your life becomes due in part to the absolute necessity to stay at the top amidst the treachery and infighting and also exposure to one’s own conscience to the lie. Jang already was in grave internal conflict over the reality of the difference between the life of the elites and the starving and dying people when an accident intervened. As a part of his work as a propagandist, Jang had access to books, newspapers, and other materials from South Korea. He lent a highly classified book to a friend of similar mind. The friend left it on a subway and they both knew they were screwed. They both could only be charged with treason and they would face torture, imprisonment, or death. What’s more their families would also be dragged into the sewer if they confessed under torture. Their only option was to escape and they left for the border with China immediately and their long, dangerous, and strange odyssey began.

His relatively inside position among the elite allowed him to share some information and perspective that I found enlightening. Here are a few.

UFD United Front Division, a division of the Workers Party

“After the 1970s, it strove particularly to amplify anti-American sentiment and foster pro-North tendencies among the South Korean population, exploiting the democratic resistance
movements that had risen against the then military dictatorship.

Work produced here was circulated under the names of South Korean publishers, and even took on their distinctive literary style, preferred fonts, and quality and weight of paper. In music, too, the styles of instrumental and vocal arrangements were copied from South Korean recordings. Books and cassettes produced in this way were systematically distributed by our department through pro-North organisations in Japan or through other Southeast Asian nations, and passed on to democratic resistance movements in South Korea. My department in this way sowed the seeds of what might at first appear to be a political paradox: even today, sympathy towards the DPRK among South Koreans is almost entirely concentrated within the democratic, progressive and anti-authoritarian camp of the nation’s political divide.”

The Annals of the Kim Dynasty.

Kim Jong Il decided that since even the corrupt Joseon dynasty had its own annals, the Kim family must have their own and ordered the United Front Division to produce one.

“North Korea asserts that Japan’s defeat in 1945 was the direct result of Kim Il-sung’s achievement as a guerrilla leader in the anti-Japanese resistance. The Korean War, which was actually suspended by an armistice, is declared to have been Kim Il-sung’s outright victory over US imperialism. Even the history of the Cold War is taught in North Korea as a Communist history that revolved around the efforts of Kim Il-sung. The international section of the Central Party became active in setting up Juche Research Institutes overseas, in an attempt to encourage foreigners to sympathise with North Korea’s worldview and version of history. One reason why North Korea is unable to pursue reform and open itself more to the world is that this would risk exposing core dogmas of the state as mere

“Kim Jong-il decided that under no circumstances should any potentially harmful source material relating to Kim Il-sung’s past be made available to the public.

Kim Jong-il’s authority had not, as the official narrative of hereditary succession stated, been passed on to him by Kim Il-sung, even though this was what he claimed as the basis of his legitimacy. Rather, the son had usurped the father. The old saying that power cannot be shared between fathers and sons suggests some kind of universal and inevitable fate. The seeds of Kim Jong-il’s vicious struggle for power against his father Kim Il-sung were unintentionally sown when the boy was abandoned by his father at the age of eight, after the death of his natural mother, Kim Jong-suk.

We had to concede that, while Kim Jong-il’s legitimacy might have been based on hereditary succession from father to son in terms of the official narrative, in reality it had involved usurpation by the son of the father. Kim Jong-il had consolidated power by wresting it away from his father instead of receiving it from him.

But Kim Jong-il was careful to keep up the pretence that father and son got along well. In 1994, after Kim Il-sung’s death, the North Korean state publicised artefacts associated with the Supreme Leader’s office. Among them was a speech handwritten by Kim Il-sung before his death, in which he proposed a summit to discuss unification with South Korea. This manuscript was even publicly displayed in the Mount Keumsu Memorial Palace for propaganda purposes in support of the ideology of federal unification of the two Koreas. It seemed that Kim Jong-il supported his father’s pursuit of peaceful unification. But in reality and behind the scenes, he fiercely opposed it. In 1994, alarmed by the threat of pre-emptive strikes made by the US, Kim Jong-il permitted former US president Jimmy Carter to visit Pyongyang. Kim Il-sung took the opportunity to declare publicly his approval for an inter-Korean summit, and many in the international community noted optimistically that North Korea’s leader had reached out to the world. They perhaps did not realise that Kim Il-sung was no longer in control, nor that Kim Jong-il – who did hold power – was pitted against his father.

The document in question is the minutes of a Party meeting that took place in early July 1994, organised by Kim Jong-il himself. According to these minutes, the meeting was titled ‘Today’s climate calls for practical developmental policies for protecting Socialism, not policies for unification of the homeland’. It called on cadres to discredit all thoughts of unification associated with the inter-Korean summit that his father had proposed, going so far as to state that his suggestions were indicators of senility. In fact, the conversation records a meeting that was held among Kim Jong-il’s closest associates not only to criticise Kim Il-sung’s proposal, but to obstruct it.”
Amazing stuff.

Sunday evening’s event took the form of a Q and A session. The first question was predictably, about the recent summit between President Trump and Kim Jong-un and what was Jang’s impression.

He started out by commenting that if he could speak English better he’d make more trouble for North Korea by telling the truth about the regime around the world. 
The he mentioned that there are two North Koreas. The one that people around the world know about which is fake and the actual North Korea. He blamed the South Korean government for most of the misinformation about the north. His opinion of the summit is that although Trump started out well by both telling the truth and enforcing sanctions against the north, Trump’s tough stance forced Kim to the summit. But the actual results were disappointing. The summit ended with a cave in to the deception of North Korea. The joint statement referenced the Panmunjom declaration between North and South Korea that gave no specifics or a time table for denuclearization. This allows North Korea to set the agenda from now. He said there is still a lot of hope because Donald Trump can always change course.

When asked what is the most effective way to bring change to North Korea he replied; The North is a paper tiger. Their economy is smaller than one American state and the U.S. could crush them by words alone. In the past sanctions hurt the common people more than the regime. Since 1997 a new black market economy has risen up and has almost created a second state. The people have more than one option, the option of starving to death. Today sanctions hurt the elite and the government agencies much more than the people. Sanctions brought the Kim regime to the bargaining table. Tighter sanctions will bring them to their knees.

Someone asked if Kim will give up his nukes. 
The nuclear weapons are not for the defense of the nation. They are for the defense of the Workers Party. They will never denuclearize until the one party system crumbles.

They were asked if any government agency sought their advice prior to the summit. Kang said the U.S. Embassy in Seoul met with him and asked for his recommendation. He advised them to solve the nuclear issue as quickly as possible and then turn to the gulag system still in place and approach it as a human rights issue. In South Korea, the media and the government is blocking the input of the defectors because it doesn’t match their narrative. Refugees are not advisors but can only give testimony.

I asked, in light of the power struggle between Kim Jong Il and his father, are we sure who we are dealing with? Who is the real power in North Korea today?

The answer made sense to me. The most powerful people around Kim Jong Un are the ‘Third Floor’. There was considerable discussion as to what the proper translation should be. The butlers was one suggested translation. They left it at ‘third floor’ but I think that the correct translation should be the Secretariat. These are the folks who control the daily schedule, control what the dictator sees or reads, and controls access. The Workers Party is firmly in control.

A young lady who grew up in North Korea and escaped and is not an eloquent out spoken opponet of the regiem said that when she was growing up she witnessed public executions almost everyday and asked why this has, seemingly, stopped now.

Jang replied that probably it is because Kin Jong Il and his son have had different educations. Kim Jong Un went to school in Switzerland and is more sensitive to public opinion, on the other hand his father was educated in the north under the Workers Party and felt the need to maintain control through public terror. His son wants to be loved by the people and feels the most threat from those in high positions an thus he has exexuted many high ranking cadres. Executions of ordinary people are now carried out in seclusion. Kim Il Sung executed folks with the AK-47. Kim Jong Il used machine gun, and now the grandson uses artillery rounds. This escelation is a sign of increasing nervousness of the party’s control. The elite of North Korea are most afraid of war. They have everything to lose.

Jang said, sanctions are the best way to change North Korea. Pressure is the right way to confront them but until now the world has not properly pressured North Korea. Information into the north will bring the best results. Information aimed at the ordinary people will change everything.

Next both Jang and Kang were asked what was the best way to get information into the north. The young lady acti ist spoke up again and said she watched movies in the north and said why can’t I wear earrings and makeup?

Both Jang and Kang recommended USBs with information and movies, literature, and radio broadcasts. They said the best information is to directly dispute the dogma of the Kim dynasty and the Workers Party.

The most important conclusion to a meeting like this is the call to action. What can I do? The next big project of TNKR is Information Into North Korea. Let’s flood North Korea with the truth. You can help by supporting TNKR financially or with your talents.

Once upon a time, Eunkoo Lee worked at two different institutes in which she 1) interviewed North Korean refugees about abuses they suffered in North Korea and China and later 2) helped North Korean refugee youngsters with adjustment into South Korea.
Like a lot of other South Koreans who have worked with NK refugees, she thought the refugees were passive. In addition to her experience, one of her master’s degrees is also in North Korean studies. She and her colleagues were used to setting up everything for the refugees, then doing their best to make sure enough refugees showed up.
Then an earthquake shook her world. She began collaborating with an American who had completely different ideas. He challenged her expertise. He insisted, like a character out of a Field of Dreams: If you build the project correctly, they will come.
Even when it started happening, she didn’t believe her eyes. Now she has no choice!


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Jason Jung, editor of T-Club, has published excerpts from his interview with TNKR’s co-founders.

Support TNKR: https://www.paypal.me/loveTNKR

A reporter visited the TNKR office, and stayed for about 9 hours. He conducted interviews with staff and refugees, analyzing from every possible angle. We set one hour limits for interviews with refugees, but the rest of us will talk all day long…

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On Tuesday May 8, the Teach North Korean Refugees Global Education Center (TNKR) and the Serpentem Scholarship Mission Foundation signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) that will provide scholarships for fifteen North Korean refugees studying in TNKR beginning next month. The partnership is aimed at providing support for North Korean refugees college students who may be struggling with their university studies and financial issues.

According to one study, an estimated 28% of North Korean refugee college students drop out of college (six times higher than the overall 4.5% rate) in South Korea, with an estimated 33% of refugees citing English as the major factor and 29% citing financial difficulties. More than 360 North Korean refugees have studied English with almost 800 tutors and coaches in TNKR, a non-political, non-religious non-profit founded in 2013.

“We know that many of our students are struggling with studies at their universities, that’s why our approach of having refugees choose their own study paths in 1:1 tutoring sessions is both popular with and effective for refugees,” said Casey Lartigue Jr., co-founder of TNKR along with Eunkoo Lee. “I hope this will also be a wake-up call for people who want to focus on socializing and hanging out with North Korean refugees, and recognize this as a clear call-to-action that we need to do all we can help to help North Korean refugees with building up their academic skills.” 

Serpentem Scholarship Mission Foundation, a Christian foundation founded in 2001 by Lee Johng-ho, highlighted the importance of helping North Korean refugee students with their studies and supporting TNKR in its mission of helping North Korean refugees.

“Supporting North Korean students who have come to South Korea after experiencing many difficulties is in line with the purpose of our foundation,” said pastor Cho Byung-hun, chairman of Serpentem Scholarship Mission Foundation’s board of directors. “We want to invest helping to support North Korean refugees who are doing well in their studies and hope that our partnership with TNKR will help motivate them.”

The fifteen TNKR students who are awarded scholarships can have their scholarships renewed by demonstrating they have improved their grades. They can receive two different types of scholarships: 1) English Achievement Scholarship, receiving 250,000 won of support per semester. 2) Grade Achievement Scholarship, 400,000 won of support per semester. To be eligible, students should have studied in TNKR for at least three months or are joining TNKR now and are committed to studying in TNKR for at least three months.

Here is the Serpentem Scholarship Mission Foundation notice announcing this partnership with TNKR.


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Friday was a slow day at TNKR, so we did a lot of planning. We did have one TV interview in the morning and one tutoring session in the afternoon.

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Today’s big events and activities at TNKR:

  • PARTNERSHIP: The big news today is that TNKR finalized the details of a partnership that we will be announcing on Tuesday during an MOU signing ceremony. This will be absolutely fantastic for refugees studying in TNKR. We are thankful that a South Korean organization that is much larger than ours has found us and wanted to partner with us. Stay tuned! And separate of that, we had a second meeting about another possible partnership, but that one will take a bit more time.
  • MEDIA: Another day, another reporter at the TNKR office. This time, the reporter recorded TNKR senior fellow Tony Docan-Morgan having a coaching session with a North Korean refugee who will become internationally known. We have already seen her improve really quickly, it will be impossible to stop her once she has sharpened her English.
  • TUTORING: We had a tutoring session with one of our tutors who joined us last month but has had many tutoring sessions already. I love it that she and her student she tutored today make it a point to meet at our office. One day when TNKR is a large organization then we will be able to hold more study sessions.
  • PUBLIC SPEAKING: Scott gave another speech. We weren’t able to make it, but I’m sure he was great. He has an incredible story and I can see how much he has sharpened his public speaking in the last couple of months.
  • ACTIVISM: We couldn’t make it, but I heard that Hwang In-Cheol and Youngmin Kwon had a great meeting getting prepared for a press briefing at the Press Club in Seoul.
  • OUTREACH: TNKR co-founders Casey Lartigue and Eunkoo Lee, and TNKR Senior Fellow Tony Docan-Morgan will be speaking at the 2018 Korean Association for Multicultural Education International Conference on May 24 from 4:20 pm at Korea University.

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The non-profit organization Teach North Korean Refugees held its 74th Language Matching session yesterday. We had 11 North Korean refugees and 18 tutors participate (1 tutor canceled and another was a no-show). The session started at 2 pm–the first refugee to register for the session arrived at our office at 9:50 a.m. That’s right, slightly more than 4 hours in advance!

Why was she so early? Simple! First-come, first-choose! The refugees get to choose their tutors based on when they arrive to the session. So the refugee who arrived first was able to choose first. She is a returning student with us who first joined us in 2015 at the ABC level.

The others were so disappointed, especially the ones arriving three hours early who found out they were already sixth and seventh in line.

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TNKR Special Ambassador Ken Eom was a special interviewee today! Reporters have been calling us for interviews, but a lot of the refugees in TNKR who are usually ready to do interviews seemed to be busy this week (exam week) or not interested in discussing specifics about the summit. Ken answered the call today and had numerous media requests. So you can expect to see a few news reports in the next few days. He did three interviews today back-to-back-to-back before he had to rush off for a different appointment.
He’s a new father and also juggling grad school. Thanks to those of you who participated in his online baby shower. You can also send support for their baby adjustment time directly to Ken.
I also had a busy day–a speech in the morning at an international high school, an interview with an international reporter, and an in-studio interview with long-time radio host Henry Shinn.
And I’m proud to announce that TNKR will have its first student club!

I was out of the office most of today, here are the things that I know about:

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